AI and Healthcare have been fabricating constructive wonders for the human race across the sphere. Humongous research on technology like AI, Bigdata, etc. is addressing the various critical health abnormalities. As an acknowledgment of the efforts contributed by the healthcare system, we are glad to present the interview article of Mr. Bruno Basile from B&B SRL as a part of AI and Robotics for Healthcare Interview Series . He has shared interesting aspects of AI in the healthcare industry including,
- Emerging Trends in AI Healthcare Sector
- Temnography’s incredible ability to save a life
- The functional mechanism and the roadmap of Temnography
Also, find an interesting segment “Fun With Thought”, where Mr. Bruno Basile has shared about one of his dream projects on developing a biosensor system. Happy Reading 🙂
AI : For Healthcare
Jagan: What trends do you see emerging in AI Healthcare for 2021?
Bruno Basile: In the last ten years, the grooving of Healthcare technologies was fast and with many new devices and many expectations. Sure, the AI in this sector gave a big push for improving performance and reached new targets. The Covid19 made this process a bit less fast in 2020 and showed how it is essential to spend energy and resources for healthcare worldwide. In the diagnostic field, AI is critical because data analysis is the key to reaching amazing results, and its impact on the costs is less than developing more hardware.
Jagan: What are the current technological limitations of AI which, once overcome, could bring massive improvements to the healthcare system?
Bruno Basile: Using AI in any sector and so in healthcare needs the power of computing and large quantities of data for acceptable performances. This gives limits to applying this kind of process in many devices and procedures. One way to go over this limit is to use a big server with an enormous capacity of computing and a huge memory that can be reached by remote connection and sending minor quantities of data to provide a large amount of elaborating. This process is a bit like the process for voice recognition or other matching methods.
Temnography : An Incredible Ability to Save a Life
Jagan: If it is a Stroke, Hemorrhagic or Ischemic…Temnography has got an incredible ability to save a life. Could you please brief us on how technology plays a vital role in facilitating Temnography to function?
Bruno Basile: A small radar that “looks for” a lesion in the human body and gives confirmation and location to the operator. In the case of a stroke, the Temnographer “looks for” the hemorrhage. It is the excellent revolution introduced by Computerized Tissue Temnography, a new diagnostic imaging method developed starting from the 2000s and finally patented in 2016.
After the Rx (1895), the Ultrasound (1950), the Tac (1967), the RM (1978), a new paradigm in the field of technologies is revolutionizing the world of medical diagnostics.
Temnography is a technology that uses the magnetic fields generated by small low-emission antennas (of the order of the emissions generated by a cell phone) for short moments in time to “search” for a specific lesion in a subject such as to allow unlimited repetition in the analysis time so that it can be used whenever desired and therefore becoming an essential tool both in emergency and in mass screening. The dimensions of the Temnograph are tiny, as is the energy consumption. For this reason, these diagnostic tools are easily transportable and can also travel on ambulances and emergency vehicles.
Jagan: Could you please share with us the success stories or the milestones of B&B SRL through Temnography achieved in recent years?
Bruno Basile: It was born in 2009. The first problem to solve concerned the type of waves to use: the signals, the electromagnetic fields, the frequencies, and the domains to work, whether in the time domain or the frequency domain. The second problem to be solved was that of interference: would this technology be usable outside the ideal environments? A third problem concerned the results, whether they could be considered reliable and repeatable. All these questions took years of work. The anechoic chamber was initially used as an ideal study environment, and different materials were used to reproduce human tissue. In collaboration with the University of Dublin, the University of Naples, and Caserta, we were able to apply the first radiofrequency and microwave waves on specially made “real tissues” and “Phantom.” At the end of this study, we also proceeded to characterize the transmission and reception transducers in such a way that they became electively active on human tissues and almost totally immune from any interference, such as those generated by Wi-Fi, cell phones, and other devices. that work in radiofrequency and microwave fields.”
Temnography & AI : The Roadmap
Jagan: What has motivated you to focus on Temnography in addressing the Strokes and what is the roadmap planned for the next five years?
Bruno Basile: During the development of the technology, we began to study human tissues from the electromagnetic perspective, a completely innovative approach. Still, for this very reason, we found ourselves in front of new fields or, in any case, little depth. We had to make “electromagnetic” puppets of body parts that had never been made before. We found that some districts were particularly suitable for microwave exploration, others less so. The brain is a uniform environment from an electromagnetic point of view, and the presence of the skull makes ultrasounds (i.e., ultrasound) unusable.
Instead, Temnography easily crosses the skull and will undoubtedly become one of the elective methods for diagnosing the brain and head in general.
The hemorrhage alters the brain’s electromagnetic field, and therefore with the Temnography, we dedicated ourselves to one of the significant pathologies, the Stroke, thus was born TES, Subarachnoid Brain Temnograph. This first version on the market mainly uses the mechanism of “detection,” that is, TES looks for the presence of blood effusion in the brain, and if it finds it gives a positive result, otherwise a negative one. In the case of positivity, it also provides the location of the lesion and its maximum dimensions. The imaging we obtain is not used to provide the operator with images to formulate the diagnosis; TES gives an ON / OFF response.
In the next five years, resolution and contrast will be implemented until reaching the image definition of CT or MRI, opening scenarios for medical diagnostics of great expectations, allowing Temnography to work alongside other diagnostic imaging methods with necessary implications and in multiple applications.
Jagan: AI & Big data have got a huge demand in medical diagnostics through microwave systems, clinical imaging solutions, etc. On this note, can you share your experience and trends that you witness in this sector?
Bruno Basile: AI has already been used for some time in diagnostic imaging because it allows you to refine and enhance the analysis of data collected by the hardware using large amounts of data. With self-learning, it is undoubtedly one of the most powerful tools currently developed. As well as for imaging, AI for Temnography is an essential tool. The large amount of data collected requires complex algorithms and is based on minor variations and perturbations of the electromagnetic fields at different frequencies; the AI, therefore, becomes an indispensable tool to implement these systems and make these tools effective, precise, and reliable. The future of Temnography is also strongly linked to AI’s adoption.
Fun With Thought
Jagan: If given a chance to apply AI on one of the non-existent electronic devices, what would be your choice?
Bruno Basile: To laugh but with a look to the actual future, I would like to talk about a project that we have in mind, and I hope it can be realized and find remarkably interesting.
The “device” that does not yet exist (and I hope it will exist because we will create it) is a new biosensor family to monitor various toxic agents and compounds in real-time: hydrocarbons, pesticides, heavy metals, etc. these new biosensors alone would already constitute a big step forward for sensors in general, but united in a unique wireless network and integrated with a central server connected to industrial automation systems employing standards such as SCADA or others, allowing the management and adapt production processes to reduce waste, avoid pollution, alarm sensitive sites and monitor the environment and industrial processes. All are managed by an AI engine that allows you to use the mappings of the variations of the monitored agents and draw predictive lines of performance to optimize production processes, avoid pollution by hydrocarbons or pesticides. This system called LIMBB, i.e., Lifecycle Industrial Manager Biosensor Based, could become an essential tool for optimizing agriculture, oil platforms, industrial chemical processes, and even help large cities to fight pollution. This project has already been presented to both the Italian Ministry of Economic Development, which evaluates it for possible co-financing and provides for the collaboration of the CNR and the University of Naples for chemistry and botany for its implementation. The broad scope of the project and the vast field of application also opens the door to any further technological and commercial partnerships. With this system, the first to smile would be the environment.
Jagan: Coffee Challenge: Kindly nominate one of the Technocrats from your network, to answer the first two questions of this interview.
Bruno Basile: Antonio Grasso